Danger can hide anywhere. Accidents or attacks occur suddenly, and saving lives may be a matter of minutes. Risks of natural damages or chemical, biological and radiological accidents, attacks and warfare require increasing preparedness. The authorities must have accurate, real-time information in order to make right decisions, evacuate, isolate the scene, give proper first aid and carry out decontamination.
Natural disasters and industrial accidents
Our societies are more and more vulnerable to natural damages, which can escalate into vast catastrophes. Chemical plants and chemical transportation are also part of our industrial infrastructure, and chemical spillage can have far-reaching consequences depending on the nature of the attack, geographical position and weather conditions.
New threat scenarios
In addition to conventional chemical and biological warfare, defence and security organizations are facing new threat scenarios and have to be prepared for CBRN related accidents, terrorism and criminal activities. Even a small-scale attack using Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) can inspire extreme fear among a civilian population. There are thousands of chemicals readily available and whilst not all of them are deadly, they can still be used to terrorise a community.
CBRN incidents and environmental risks
Toxins and biological pathogens have been involved in numerous historical events. There is also recent evidence of a number of individuals and terrorist organizations that have examined or attempted to acquire biological agents and toxins. Radiological material that is dangerous to human life constitutes yet another risk; the consequences of a terrorist group developing a capacity to use nuclear or radiological materials could be catastrophic. RN materials are appearing with increasing frequency in organized and environmental crimes, such as illegal disposal schemes carried out for profit. Dangerous radiation spreads easily from one country to the next: thus, the threats of RN terrorism affect entire regions.
CBRNE stands for
|C||Chemical material includes all Chemical Warfare Agents, Toxic Industrial Chemicals and toxic chemical precursors and all of which are harmful to life and could be applied for hostile purposes.|
|B||B Biological material includes all Biological Warfare Agents, biological agents, toxins, including animal and plant pathogens and all of which are harmful to life and could be applied for hostile purposes.|
|RN||RN Radiological material includes all Radiological material, radiological weapons (“Dirty Bombs”), Nuclear weapons and material and all of which are harmful to life and could be applied for hostile purposes.|
|E||The E term representing the improvised Explosives threats.|